Welcome to the Irish Culture & Customs newsletter which is published every fortnight or so and sent out to going on 4200 readers all over the world. You are receiving this newsletter because you signed up for it - God Bless you! If you'd like to read past issues, they are archived at:
If, for any reason, you wish to unsubscribe, instructions are at the very end - but we do hope you'll stay with us. And if you need to update your info' or change your email address, you can do that at the end, too.

Greetings and blessings to all,

We hope this edition finds you in good health, good spirits and good company.

A very belated pinch punch, first day of the month, white rabbit! How did it get to be September with school buses clogging the roads, a movie about Halloween breaking records at the box office and the Labour Day weekend in the USA here and gone?

Sure enough, the calendar doesn't lie even though the mercury might belie the beginning of fall. Here in our Ohio Valley, we continue to break records with a heatwave and extreme drought conditions which have been with us for what seems like endless weeks. The latest casualty besides straw-like lawns and wilted flowers is the pumpkin crop; supposedly, they will be much smaller than usual. But we count our blessings compared to so many other places who are having it much worse than we are. And we know that come next January, we'll be complaining about the snow and ice! Oh well. Hopefully, for the next month or so, we can look forward to what Keats described as the season of mists and mellow fruitfulness which echoes the old Irish wedding verse for the month:
For those who marry in September's shine,
your living will be rich and fine.
Enough of the blitherin' - on with the update:
SPONSOR: Help keep our newsletter coming - please visit our good friends at the Celtic Attic:
Great news - Kristin, the owner of the Celtic Attic tells us that very soon she will be carrying Siobhan Wear full Capes handmade in Ireland! She says she loves her beautiful County Cork wool cape fully lined in green satin. We're not surprised. We have a Siobhan Wear wedding cape we use during our book promotion talks and it's stunning. You can see a photo of it on our wedding homepage:
Besides capes, the Celtic Attic also stocks aan array of sweaters and other clothing made in Ireland, as well as a wide variety of themed articles to give your life and home a Celtic Twist. Click here to go browsing and shopping and enjoy free shipping for orders over $125.00 plus a 5% off coupon on your next order (be sure to copy and paste the entire URL if it isn't hot:
From the mailbag
Quips, Quotes, Proverbs & Toasts
A Bit of the Wit
Joke of The Week
Did You Know
Know Your Writers
The week That Is
Leave 'em Laughing

What follows are news clips from around the counties and the world. Links for more news stories can be found on our web site here
And more county news can be found here:

Clare: Virtual Tours Of Selected Historical And Archaeological Sites
Clare Museum is set to become the first local authority museum in the country to develop Virtual Tours of selected historical and archaeological sites. The project will enable visitors to the Ennis-based Museum and museum section of the Clare County Library website to navigate through panoramic 360 degree photographs of well-known Clare sites and monuments. Each virtual tour will be accompanied by an audio commentary.

Cork: Call for monument status for hill fort
An archaeologist who has spent the past three years excavating the hill fort near Knockavilla, Inishannon, has called for it to be given national monument status. Professor William O'Brien has dated the fort to approximately 1200 BC, which makes it the oldest known prehistoric hill fort in Ireland. It covers an area of eight acres and served as a regional capital at a time when interregional warfare was taking place. It comprised an outer enclosure surrounded by a stone-faced bank with a wattle palisade and an inner enclosure with stone bank and oak palisade.

Donegal: Major expansion for weaver's cottage
What originated as the cottage home of weaver Manus Ferry and his brother and sister Paddy and Sophie is to have a new venue seating five hundred. Ionad Cois Locha, the Lakeside Centre in Dunlewy, will this month see the completion of the new multi-purpose venue which will be known as An Culturlann Cois Locha. The inaugural event taking place will be the gathering of the Gallagher Clan, which is fitting given that the manager of the centre is Séamus Ó Gallachóir.

Donegal: Michael the post makes his prediction
As well as delivering letters Michael Gallagher from Glenfin also watches the habits of birds, of domestic animals and of livestock to gauge what the weather is going to be like, and he has been proved right in his recent prediction of a return to good weather. Michael's round, which he has been following for the past forty years, takes in the uplands of the Blue Stack mountains and one of the signs he noted was mist on the tops of the mountains very early in the morning. He has also predicted that the good weather will last for a week or two and that September will start off well.

Fermanagh: Rain on their parade doesn't faze Blackmen
Although the rain was incessant the day of the Royal Black Institution's traditional August parade, it didn't stop the organisation's members from gathering at Lisnaskea to parade through the town to the assembly field at Cushwash. The commemorative theme this year was the 1689 Battle of Newtownbutler and the main address was given by the Institution's Sovereign Grand Master, William Logan, who also led the parade.

Kilkenny: Major show launched in Piltown
This year's Iverk Show, one of the biggest agricultural events of the year, was recently launched in Kildalton College in Piltown. The show, which is celebrating its one hundred and eighty first year and which last year attracted twenty thousand visitors was formally opened by former Ceann Comhairle Seamus Pattison and entries to the cattle, sheep, dog and horse competitions have been steady, with the prize money increased this year. As is almost obligatory nowadays at such events, there was a Best Dressed Lady competition as well as a Bonny Baby competition.
Longford: Blacksmith's cottage under threat
The cottage which was the headquarters for General Sean MacEoin during the War of Independence is the subject of a planning application which includes its demolition. The threat to Rose Cottage in Ballinalee has prompted objections from the members of the County Longford Historical Society who feel that a preservation order should be placed on the building, given its important association with the North Longford Flying Column and the man who came to be known as the Blacksmith of Ballinalee.

Longford: Baker's mantle is passed on
Although the original "Pat the Baker" sadly died at the weekend at the age of eighty-four, the name will live on in his son and namesake. Pat Higgins, who moved to the county from Mayo when he married a local woman, founded his bakery in Granard fifty-four years ago and became known locally as "Pat the Baker". The name stuck and became synonymous with the bread produced by the company, which now employs more than four hundred people. Three of Pat's sons are involved in the running of the bakery, which is still owned by the family, and his son Pat has taken on his father's identity as "Pat the Baker".

Mayo: Search for oldest gran and grandad
An appeal has been sent out to find Ireland's oldest grandparents and take them on an all expenses paid trip. The organisers of the first National Grandparents Pilgrimage will pay for Ireland's oldest granny and grandad to come to Knock shrine on September 22. The pilgrimage has been bombarded with queries and has caught the attention of Pope Benedict XVI, who has imparted his Apostolic Blessing. Dana will be the keynote speaker and will sing 'Our Lady of Knock' to the congregation. For more details, please click

Monaghan: Festival with a difference in Clones
Writer Pat McCabe and film-maker Kevin Allen have joined forces to organise a festival with a difference at Hilton Park in Clones. The Flat Lake Festival took place recently and had a strong literary bent, with readings from Stephen Rea, Rhys Ifans and Dylan Moran. Music was also featured, with singing lessons to be given by Shane McGowan, and an auction of a Damien Hirst painting had an unusual twist; the painting was unsigned and grouped with twenty-nine others, with only one person receiving the authentic Hirst painting.
ED. NOTE: See our next newsletter for the outcome!

Offaly: Not ratified, but a record just the same
Although it was not officially ratified by the Guinness Book of Records, Youth Officer James Hogan and Attracta Brady, chairperson of the Fleadh Committee, are claiming a world record. Last Friday during the Fleadh Ceoil na hEireann, some two thousand seven hundred musicians gathered in O'Connor Square in Tullamore for the largest ever traditional session. The music was led by James and his youth group, with Attracta, her parents and her daughter Róisín also joining in. They were joined by all the other musicians, and one balloon was released for every minute the crowd played.

Sligo: Search on for Tubbercurry two
With the GAA club in Tubbercurry about to celebrate the golden jubilee of a notable victory, the members are hoping to gather together most of the team which won the County Championship and league back in 1957; one member, Joe Masterson, has sadly died. However there are two other members of the panel who have so far eluded the organisers of the celebration. It has emerged that no one in Tubbercurry has a current address for Ben Lynch and Paddy Maher, although it is believed that both of them are living in England. Now the word has gone out for anyone with knowledge of their location to let them know about the upcoming event.

Waterford: Waterford honours its centenarian artist
The city of Waterford has paid tribute to Ambrose Congreve of Mount Congreve for his achievements in creating a magnificent garden which includes the most important collection of magnolia in the world. The mayor, Councillor Mary O'Halloran, recently made a presentation to Mr Congreve on behalf of the citizens. Now having reached the age of one hundred, he has spent the last sixty years developing the more than one hundred acres, and almost thirty years ago he ensured that it would be gifted to the nation on his death. In addition to magnolias, Mount Congreve is noted for its camellias, rhododendrons and Japanese maple.

Waterford: New residents for Dunmore East
An abundance of sprats in the harbour is believed to be responsible for the arrival of a pod of six dolphins at Dunmore East. The bottlenose dolphins have been observed swimming between the harbour and Hook Head and are being monitored by Brendan Gloady of Deep Sea Charters. He and his company have been busy organising special trips which last about an hour and a half, though there is no guarantee that the dolphins will be sighted. Brendan's vessel ensures that it stays parallel to the pod when it does appear, in order not to disturb the dolphins in any way or to appear as a threat.

Chicago, Illinois - Recently, a true GAA legend who played with fifty-two clubs in eleven cities and in four countries was honoured by has native County in Chicago. P.J. O'Dea who played both football and hurling with Clare, Munster and London was presented with an engraved plaque by the Clare Tourist Council at Chicago's historic Gaelic Park. The Chairman of Clare GAA described the Kilrush man as a "stalwart of the GAA in America." Michael McDonagh added, "P.J. O'Dea's remains a proud West Clare man to this day and the entire County is delighted to see that he is finally being officially recognised for his invaluable contribution to the GAA."

New London, Wisconsin Twinning with Killaloe, Co. Clare
A delegation from Co. Clare has travelled to the USA to consolidate a 'Town Twinning' concept between Killaloe and the Wisconsin city of New London. According to Mayor of Clare, Councillor Patricia McCarthy, "There are many benefits associated with establishing a long distance twinning relationship, as can be seen in the highly successful link between Ennis in Co. Clare and Phoenix Arizona. Such relationships can lead to a series of cultural and educational exchanges that greatly benefit both communities."
SPONSOR: Please help us keep the newsletter coming - visit our good friends at the Irish Lotto.
There was NO winner of Saturday's drawing which means Wednesdays jackpot will be at least € 7.5 Million Euro. It's' always been our fantasy that one of our readers will win; but, as they say in Ireland, you can't win it if you're not in it. And here's the best part - you don't have to live in Ireland to play and your winnings are not subject to Irish taxes! Click here for more details or to buy a ticket:
Melissa writes: I am the Vice President of the Student Leadership Counsel for Griffin Technical College in Griffin GA.  We are having a multicultural event in February of 2008.  We are looking for people that would like to share their culture with this area.  Do you know someone that would be interested in traveling to our school to show the different parts of your culture?  Please contact me at missyburk@yahoo.com. 

Kathleen writes: I have been reading your newsletter on and off for more than a few years. A while back someone asked about a pronunciation guide to beginning Irish. My husband and I were last in Ireland in September 2005. We were celebrating our fortieth wedding anniversary. When I travel I collect children's books, mainly picture books with some words. I picked up a book of Traditional Rhymes in Irish for children with an accompanying CD. It has simple spoken word and music with such as "Ring a Round The Rosie" and "Humpty Dumpty". AsI do not speak Irish at all I can look at the book and see the pictures and know the English words. Following is a copy of the title and publication information as best I can copy the Irish words. There is also a critique written in English by a parent which I also copied. After struggling through all those Irish words, I found a web address which is current. The price list includes the book I refer to and others. Obviously it is in Ireland. Learning as children do may be helpful for adults also.
An American word Cormac likes - Fall!
One of our favourite Irish Emigrant columnists gives us a lovely feeling for what it's like to be in Ireland at this time of year:

Petition to Aer Lingus
How do you feel about the airline's decision to discontinue the Shannon/Heathrow link? if you disagree, here's your opportunity ro sign a petition:

The Irish Page
This time around, Jack and Vivian offer a contrast between the two Davises, father and son: the one, Old William, a miserly skinflint, and the other, young William, a generous open-handed fellow,  It is a short text since the complete lyrics are not found in the major source by O'Sullivan.  The music is pleasant and enjoyable. Brú ar an nasc thios.

The Emerald Diamond is now at NETFLIX
With no fields, equipment or experience, a group of aspiring sluggers forms the Irish National Baseball Team, which climbs from humble beginnings to a respectable showing in the 2002 European Baseball Championships.

North Atlantic Skyline - Despatches from the West of Ireland
We came across this one quite by accident. There's a great deal of interesting information and many excellent photographs. We;ll worth a visit:

Co. Clare's first dedicated tourism website is launched
An initiative of The Clare Tourism Forum, the site features information on some of the world's most famous tourist attractions, all located within the county. Please click

Free On-Line Irish Language School
For those of you who want to learn Irish, the Philo-Celtic Society is offering a free on-line school which features a formal and effective curriculum, actual teachers, and extensive sound files. For more details, please click

Tommy Makem's Funeral
In our last newsletter we included several links to hearing/watching the great man himself in performance. It still seems very hard to believe that he's gone. But it looks like he received a grand send-off:

Free Mammograms!
Do you know of a woman who can't afford a mammogram? Here's how you can help. Go to the Breast Cancer site and click on their free mammogram link; if they get enough clicks , they'll be able to donate at least one free mammogram a day to underprivileged women. It takes just a minute and there's no cost involved:

Free Pet Food!
Last but certainly not least - our ongoing gift to AG in California and all friends to animals, please click this link today and everyday. It only takes a second to feed an animal. Thanks!

Free People Food!
It only takes a second to feed hungry people, too:
I have found life an enjoyable, enchanting, active, and sometime terrifying experience, and I've enjoyed it completely. A lament in one ear, maybe, but always a song in the other. Sean O'Casey - born March 30, 1880; died September 18, 1964
If the whole human race lay in one grave, the
epitaph on its headstone might well be: `It seemed
a good idea at the time.'
Dame Rebecca West (1892-1983) Irish-born author and journalist
This one was sent to us by Mike Horan. Go raibh maith agat, Mike!

Bill and Tom are two Irishmen working at the local sawmill. One day Bill slips and his arm gets caught and severed by the big bench saw. Tom quickly puts the limb in a plastic bag and rushes it and Bill to the local hospital. Next day, Tom goes to the hospital and asks after Bill. The nurse says, 'Oh he's out in Rehab exercising'. Tom couldn't believe it, but here's Bill out the back exercising his now reattached arm. The very next day he's back at work in the saw mill.

A couple of days go by, and then Bill slips and severs his leg. So Tom puts the limb in a plastic bag and rushes it and Bill off to hospital. Next day he calls in to see him and asks the nurse how he is. The nurse replies, 'He's out in the Rehab again exercising. And sure enough, here's Bill out there doing some serious work on the treadmill. And Bill comes back to work.

But within a couple of days he has another accident and severs his head. Wearily Tom puts the head in a plastic bag and transports it and Bill to hospital. Next day he goes in and asks the nurse how Bill is. The nurse breaks down and cries and says, 'He's dead, God rest his soul.' Tom is shocked, but not surprised. 'I suppose the saw finally did him in.' 'No,' says the nurse, 'Some eegit put his head in a plastic bag and he suffocated.'
1. In 1820, Henry Denny, a butcher from Waterford City invented and marketed bacon rashers?
2. In 1937 Joe Sheridan, a bartender at Foynes Airbase (later to become Shannon Airport), invented Irish coffee?
3. In 1900, Robert Percival, Professor of Chemistry at Trinity College Dublin invented club soda?
ED. NOTE: for other Irish inventions and/or inventors. please see Leave EM Laughing at the end.
SPONSOR: Please help us keep your newsletter coming - visit our good friends at Lollysmith:
Not content with offering their wide assortment of genuine Irish shillelaghs, they now stock  the all-important accessories including ferrules, spikes and badges! if you have an important occasion coming up for an important person in your life, a stick accompanied by accessories would make a gift they will remember whenever they go out for a stretch of the legs. So take a look and also browse a diverse range of other gifts from inspirational Rosary beads of genuine Connemara marble to Whiskey Fudge made by Connemara Kitchens.
First off, the answers to our last quiz:

1. Green Speak - Ireland in Her Own Words & by Paddy Sammon

2.  Every Dark Hour & by Niamh O'Sullivan

3. In My Sister's Shoes & by Sinead Moriarty

Caps off and clap your feet for our latest list of irish bibliophiles:

Déirdre McKiernan Hetzler
Escorted tour of  "Glorious Ireland": watch for next year's itinerary (22 May - 3 June, 2008):
Linda Adamson
I don't have a website, but if anyone knows a literary agent or publisher who would be interested, I am a writer and have completed the first book in a series about a family of Irish musicians. It is adult fiction, humorous and romantic. The first book is called Butterfly and the second Angel's Share. I do not, as yet, have a title for the last book in the trilogy.

Sheila Howard
Burlington, Mass, USA

Hartson Dowd
Hartson didn't nominate a site this time around; that's because we're certain he wants you to remember to click through to his lovely wife Helen's web site. It will be well worth your visit as she has put together a grand variety of inspirational stories, poems and more!

Helen Dowd
I would be happy if you would visit my website. I was without a computer for several weeks, but now I am back on and am working to get new things into my site.

Want to see your name and favorite web site in our next newsletter?
Who wrote:
1. The Connemara Champion
2. The Master
3. I Swear
But first, the answer to our last mind mangler: 

You can do it in vessels for getting you clean.
You can do it to fabric to stop being seen.
You are doing it when you've come up short.
You've done it too when you've equalled in sport.
This may sound like there should be images but then,
You can do all those things without pencil or pen.
Q. What is it?
A. Draw.
Once again our brilliant Riddle People swamped us with answers, but first in was Mary O'Callaghan from Indiana. Well done, Mary! And now for our next Noggin Nagger:
What row of numbers comes next?
1. Article - The Ould Lammas Fair
2. Article - The Rose of Tralee International Festival, 2007
3. Article - Clare, The Banner County
4. Article - A Letter from America
5. Article - A Tribute to Liam O'Flaherty
6. Article - The Weavers of Donegal
7. The Irish Kitchen - Traditional Irish Toffe: Yellowman
8. Music Review: Mick Hanley. Do You Know Him?
7. Basic Irish - Back to School
8. Kids' Ireland - The Salmon of Knowledge
9. Culture Corner - Poulnabronne
10. Music Review: Irish Ways
11. Circle of prayer - Novena 6 in this cycle began August 30 and ends on September 8. Whatever your spiritual leanings, remember the following in your prayers or meditations and plrase send your healing thoughts to Aunt Maisie, little Dominic & Siobhan, Aunt Anne, cousin Michael, Miriam's friend, Aunt Sally, baby Joseph, RoseAnn, baby Maggie, Michael Shea and his family, Liadan, Penny, Hartson, Pauline, Heather and so many others who need our prayers or meditations, especially our men and women in the military serving their country all over the world. Please God, they will all be home safe and sound soon.
12. Trivia Contest: Our contest for September is posted. All entries must be in by midnight, September 30, whatever time zone you're in.
ED. NOTE: Congratulations to Pat Battles in Canada who was the winner of our August contest.

So that's the long and the short of it until we write again. If you're celebrating a birthday, anniversary or other important event between now and then, we hope it's an occasion filled with joy and happiness. And if this is your first edition, many thanks for joining us; we hope you enjoyed our musings and meanderings and if so, please feel free to pass them along to family and friends.

In the meantime, may the face of every good news and the back of every bad news be toward us, may God keep you and yours safe from all harm and as they say in Ireland, mind yourself!

Slan agus beannacht!

Bridget & Russ
Get down on your knees and thank God you're still on your feet!
Help keep the newsletter coming
Officially, our annual dollar drive is over but we are always happy to receive donations at any time of year. If you'd like to help us out you can send a little something through PayPal:
and to this account:

or by snail mail to:
Bridget & Russ Haggerty
5670 Meryton Place
Cincinnati, OH 45224.

Go raibh maith agat in advance for your generosity and kindness.
Please check with the Wild Geese - they have a huge listing of events and we don't want to duplicate their efforts:
If we receive a unique event not mentioned there we will be happy to list it here.

Dublin, Ireland - September 2 through September 9
Anna Livia Dublin International Opera Festival. These will be the first operas to be performed at the totally refurbished Gaiety Theatre. The new programme for this year also features work across the city in venues you would least suspect including shows and events that are free and suitable for young people. For full deails, please click

Ennistymon, Co. Clare ireland - September 4 though September 27
History of Irish Painting Exhibition at the Courthouse Gallery, beginning chronologically with a work by Paul Henry and will continues with works from such legendary painters as Gerard Dillon, Jack B. Yeats, Mainie Jellet, Mary Swanzy and Norah McGuinness. For more information or to book a place at an event email arts@clarelibrary.ie or contact the Courthouse Gallery at 065 7071630. Gallery hours are 1-6pm, Tuesday-Saturday.

Estes park, Colorado - September 6-9th 2007
31st annual Longs Peak Scottish Irish Highland Festival. It's a great time for the whole family with Irish dance, piping and drumming, massed bands, jousting whiskey tasting, and more. . For details, please visit:

Raleigh, North Cartoliana - September 7 through September 27
Between the Worlds: Irish Imagery from the Seen and Unseen Realms - a solo exhibit by
Amy Funderburk at the Flanders Gallery. For more details, pleasevisitPlease visit: http://www.AmyFunderburkArtist.com
Specializing in visionary figurative oil paintings and Irish landscapes in oil, pastel, and photography.

Dublin Ireland - September 8 through September 23
Dublin Fringe Festival! For 16 days and nights the Fringe offers an around-the-clock mini-season of events, live gigs and performances. With 118 shows spanning theatre, dance, music, live and visual arts in 40 venues across Dublin, the Fringe is a full-on, immersive arts experience that will leave you reaching for your vitamins. For complete details or to book on line, please click
http://www.fringefest.com or 1850 FRINGE (18 50 374 643)

Hollywood, Florida - September 10
Halfway to Saint Patrick's Day Party - American Legion Post 92 211 North 21 Avenue. The fun begins at 2:00 pm and includes wonderful food, entertainment, games, traditional songs, dancing, competitions, raffle, door prizes and more. All for just $7.00! Need more info? Please call 954-923-2760

Cincinnati, Ohio - September 14
Back by popular demand, From Galway to Broadway brought to you by the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick. Features Ciaran Sheehan and Eily O'Grady Patterson in person at Corbett Auditorium on the campus of the University of Cincinnati. For complete details, [pease click

Cincinnati, Ohio - September 15 thought September 16
Celtic Festival at Yeatman's Cove on the Ohio River. Great Food and Drink, Over 30 vendors of unique Art, Jewelry, Clothes and Gifts Local, Regional and International Entertainment. Children's activities and programs. For complete details, please click

Hollywood, Florida - September 15
Cead mile failte to our 36th. Season! Music: Jimmy Shannon. American Legion Hall, 211 North 21 Avenue, Hwd Cal 954-432-8292 / 954-522-4948 or visit us ob line at:
Next Ceili on 10/20 - Noel Kingston!

Dublin, Ireland - September 27 through October 14
Ulster Bank Dublin Theatre Festival. Celebrating its 50th anniversary this year, it is the oldest English-speaking theatre festival in the world. The expanded programme includes many major Irish and international productions, including the Druid Theatre Company's production of Long Day's Journey into Night. For complete details, please click

We stumbled across this list and couldn't resist sharing it with you; some may find it not so funny. But if we can't laugh at ourselves, honest to God, what's the point?

1. Irish Podcasting - invented in 2006 by Twink using just a telephone, an answering machine, a former partner, and a zip

2. Irish Football - invented in 1986 by Jack Charlton in Iceland, using only a triangle and a copy of Genealogy for Dummies

3. Irish Diaspora - invented in 1990 by Mary Robinson in the Phoenix Park using only a candle, a box of matches, and a large white house

4. Brown Paper Bags - invented circa 1977 by the Fianna Fail party. Exact details are vague, but is so cherished that FF have all but outlawed its plastic competitor

5. Irish Dancing - invented in 1994 by Michael Flatley using only baby oil, arm extensions, and a winning smile

6. The Irish Novel - invented in 1987 in Dublin by Roddy Doyle using only teenagers, lyrics and dialogue

7. Peace - invented in 1994 in Belfast by Gerry Adams using cages, a Pope, a Taoiseach, and large quantities of semtex and fertilizer

8. Celtic Art - invented in 1978 in the Boyne Valley by Jim Fitzpatrick using a beret, a kerbstone, and a set of pens from Easons

9. Irish Music - invented in 1987 in Galway by the Saw Doctors using reggae, punk, a mandolin, and an Ordnance Survey map of Connemara

10. Irish Language - invented in 1982 by Clannad on Top of the Pops using Terrorism, a television script, and an Ivor Novello Award

11. Irish Tourism - invented in 1984 in Dingle by Fungi the Dolphin, using a harbour and several small tour boats

12. The Millenium - invented in 1988 in Dublin by the city of Dublin Government using public monuments, aluminium, and fifty pence
3. Tiger Economy - was invented in 1994 by Fianna Fail, Jack Charlton, Michael Flatley, Mary Robinson, Roddy Doyle, Clannad, Gerry Adams, Jim Fitzpatrick, the Saw Doctors, the city of Dublin Government, and Fungi the Dolphin. The Tiger economy is sometimes called the Celtic Tiger to distinguish it from the earlier not-as-buoyant Celtic Zebra years.

Reprinted from a site called from Ireland to Kansas City. The responses to this list are very interesting of themselves with some folks really bristling and getting their Irish up! If you're curious, here's the URL: