This month’s theme is beating the recession, and June's birthstone pearls. Scroll down, or click one of the links below. Some orders may be delayed between 7th - 17th June - e-mail if this is a problem. Scroll down, or click one of the links below on the html version to go to a section.
To go to the HTML version with color photos click http://www.mrbead.com/may09.htm
Thanks to those who called on us in Nantwich, which was a great success - customers in London can visit us at Kempton Park on 6th-7th June - details here.
Fighting the Recession
Cash for Jewelry is out there with your Name on it!
How to sell Home-crafted Jewelry
How Much do I charge?
Pearls for the Spring!
Where do Pearls Come From?
Knotting a Pearl Necklace
How to Tell Real Pearls from Fake Pearls
See us in the UK at a West London Bead Fair - 6th & 7th June 09
Don’t panic, protect your income. Unemployment will increase, so keep your job by working more hours, harder, and not complaining. If you are unlucky enough to have already bean laid off, improve your resume, network all ways you can, and get out searching. Make extra money. Look at ways that need little cash investment. Like web design, freelance writing, graphics, and selling on eBay. It’s much easier than you imagine designing logos, business cards, and leaflets using free online software. Cold call businesses and use your local print shop to finish the work. Expand your hobby by making jewelry to sell - not only does this bring in fast cash, but is enjoyable too.
Reduce your expenses. If you have an adjustable mortgage, see if you can refinance at less interest. Lock in a lower rate to protect you when inflation comes. Remortgage or borrow at a low fixed-rate to pay off high-interest debt like credit cards and car loans. Transfer your card balance to a cheaper bank, but don’t take on extra credit limit. Pay your card off in full each month. Reduce spending by finding the cheapest deals online. Like the best provider to combine cable, internet and telephone, or slow your internet speed. Purchase more online: cars, furniture, cloths. New technology goes out of date fast, so buy used on eBay. Get your books, music, and DVDs from the library.
It’s important to keep your home and save at least six-months income for future security. Don’t take risks putting your house up to guarantee high-interest credit. Live within your means and hang on. Don’t cut holidays, just make them cheaper. Rip up store cards and get used to buying with cash. The months ahead will be hard – don't be naive. If the media says "not long to go": you can be sure it's wrong! The recession won't end until everyone says otherwise. See our article about The Fall of Money here.
Don’t hesitate taking your handcrafted jewelry hobby to the next level. You need the extra lucrative income to fight the recession, and it’s a lot more fun than “working”. It’s easy to sell handcrafted jewelry, since there is always a market for originality. Large jewelry companies can’t compete with you because of the high-cost of design. One-offs don’t come cheap.
As an example, say you spend $100 on beads, 5-hours making ten designs and 5-hours selling eight of them, plus it cost you another $100 for cheese, wine, and other expenses. Then you would need to take $400 ($100 x 2 + $10 x 10 + $100), divided by the eight items sold = $50 each. Obviously to start with you would have to estimate and not all designs will cost the same, but you get the idea.
Making money out of your handcrafted jewelry is not as difficult as it seems. With determination and hard work you could be earning from your hobby in no time. Don't hesitate - Go For It Now!
I believe today’s popularity has a lot to do with price. Since pearls are so affordable, they can be worn by more people. Though it still takes a few years to grow a pearl, China has developed a system that has enabled them to produce large quantities cheaply. While China’s pearl process has grown, Japan’s pearl industry has slowed down due to water pollution and high costs.
The ancient Chinese practiced this technique, but the first real cultured freshwater pearls originated in Japan. In the 1930's, Japanese farmers by Lake Biwa achieved natural colors unseen in saltwater pearls. However, water pollution today has virtually destroyed pearl production there. China now has the resources that Japan lacks: many large lakes, rivers, and a low-cost work force. The first Chinese cultured pearls were basic, until the 1990's when China revolutionized pearling. Shapes, luster, and colors of the new Chinese pearls now surpass Biwa quality. Copying the Japanese to improve off-white and mottling, China uses a mild bleach, bright lights, and heat. Natural freshwater pearls are usually odd shapes. So for more roundness, the Chinese now reshape rejected pearls into spheres, and then nucleate mussels with them. However, the word “Biwa” can now also refer to the irregular shape of any cultured pearl.
The best pearls have thick overlapping layers of nacre. This can be tested by viewing its "luster". Roll the pearl with a pen in good light - the best pearls will reflect the pen the most. A large pearl is only more valuable if it's the same quality as a smaller one - and the rounder the better. Being an organic gem, grooves, pits, or dents are expected. However, matching color for a complete necklace is important. Freshwater pearls are popular for their colors: white, silvery-white, pink, red, copper, brown, lavender, purple, green, blue, and yellow. The most desirable are the pastel pinks, roses, lavenders, and purples. Color comes from the mussel species and water quality. Generally pearls assume the color of the shell in which they form, but permanent dyes are used today for most saturated colors.
There are a few ways to knot a beaded necklace, but I’ll only tell you the easiest for beginners. First, you’ll need to choose a type of cord to use. There are two types that are usually used for knotting: silk and nylon. Silk is traditional, however many complain that it snags and frays. Nylon cord can also be used. Both come in a variety of colors. They can be purchased on small cards with about 6 feet of cord and a needle attached or, for the serious knotter, larger spools can be purchased with separate needles. They also come in different sizes. The thicker cord is used for the larger beads since the holes in the beads are larger. For the beginner’s technique, two strands are put through each bead, so a thinner size is needed. For 6mm beads, use size 2 for this technique, and try to match the color of the cord with the color of the beads.
A very-popular way to start any beaded necklace is with bead tips (clamp shells). The only difference here is that two strands of the cord are inserted through the bead tip instead of one. Once the necklace is started, string on a bead, and make an over hand knot. Make the knot tight so it’s snug up against the bead. Continue to do this: string a bead, make an over hand knot, string a bead, make an over hand knot. That’s it. Finish the necklace as you would any beaded necklace whether it’s knotted or not. This beginner’s way is a lot easier than using one strand of cord, and the results look almost the same.
Take your pearls out into the sun or hold them under a bright light. Unless they are very expensive, genuine pearls won't look perfectly matched. You will be able to see variations in their iridescence (orient) and color. If the pearls are perfectly matched for color and overtones, they are most probably fake.
If your pearl seller offers expensive pearls that are perfectly matched, the cost of a gemologist certificate (from a gemologist of your choice) is a minimal part of the investment. It costs about $150 to have pearls tested, as opposed to several thousands of dollars for the type of pearls that warrant the test. An x-ray will show the inside of the pearl, including variations in density, the presence or absence of a parasite that might have caused the formation of a natural pearl, and the characteristic shapes of drill holes.
As is true with diamonds, magnification reveals a lot about the quality of a pearl. You can see the characteristic ridges and irregularities of real pearls or the grainy smoothness of fakes. You can examine drill holes to see the interface between the nacre and what lies beneath it. You can read any writing on the clasp or setting. Cutting a pearl open will reveal its true nature. Natural pearls are comprised of many layers of nacre. Cultured pearls have a shell (mother-of-pearl) core covered with a thin layer of nacre (usually less than half a millimeter). Fake pearls have a core with one or more layers of coating applied to them, which tends to flake away from the core upon cutting.
You can also try the tooth test. Rub the surface of the pearl over your teeth. Supposedly a real pearl feels gritty while a faux pearl feels smooth. Real pearls are made up of layers of nacre that are deposited like sand on a beach. The slight waves in the nacre can produce a bumpy feeling against the teeth. However, if the pearls are dyed, the dye can fill in natural depressions, making them feel smooth. Also, some synthetic pearls are made to look and feel like real pearls.
Fakes usually look 'flat'. Real pearls are usually not perfect - having grooves in their nacre, bumps, ridges, or pits. They vary in size and shape from one to another. These rings and grooves of genuine pearls can make inexperienced people think the marks are from molding of a fake. Real pearls come in many shapes, tending not to be perfectly round, so a perfect sphere should be suspect. Expensive genuine pearls may be round, so you must check other clues. Some fakes are made to look irregular, and glass pearls often have flattened ends or slightly oval shapes. Also, genuine pearls tend to warm to the skin faster than glass pearls - but plastic pearls tend to feel warm right away. Real pearls are usually heavier for their size than plastic, resin, or hollow glass pearls.
Real pearls are usually drilled from both sides, to meet in the center. If you could see the cross section of the pearl, the hole may appear wider at the outside edge of the pearl than at the center (which can make stringing poorly-drilled pearls difficult). Inexpensive real pearls may be cheaper because the drill holes are not completely straight, (knotting can get around this problem when making a necklace). Holes of real pearls usually are as small as possible, since the weight of a pearl affects its price. Fakes often have larger, possibly straighter holes. The nacre of fake pearls is more likely to flake away near the drill hole than on a cultured pearl (it won't flake on a natural pearl). And holes of fake pearls usually form a shallow bowl shape, while the holes of real pearls are more likely to be flat.
If you see the Mona Lisa in someone's home, you can be pretty sure it isn't the original! Similarly, you can gain valuable clues about a pearl's authenticity by looking at its surroundings. In a finished necklace or bracelet, real pearls are more likely to have knots between each pearl than faux pearls. Real pearls are usually set in gold, silver, or platinum. You can examine clasps for stamps in the metal or for magnetism (indicating the clasp or setting contains iron as opposed to a precious metal). The clasp should have a safety mechanism, like a fish hook. Insecure clasps are not usually seen on good pearls.
Pearls have the powers of love, money, protection, and luck.
• Pearls were dedicated by the Romans to Isis and they were worn to obtain her favor.
• In early Chinese myths, pearls fell from the sky when dragons fought among the clouds.
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